The city of Varna

Varna is located in northeastern Bulgaria , on the Black Sea. The city is the second largest city in Bulgaria and the largest on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast with a population of about 335 000 people. Because of the history and the economic and cultural significance Varna is  often called " sea capital of Bulgaria ."

The average temperature in January in Varna is +1.7 ° C, the average July temperature is +22.8 ° C and average +12.2 ° C , which makes it very suitable for sea vacations in the warmer months of the year.

The city was founded in the VI century BC the name Odesos of immigrants from Asia Minor city of Miletus . For a short time it became a polis and one of the most important ports and trading centers of the Black Sea.

Today the city is a modern city with a rich cultural calendar. Here, are two of the most modern multipurpose halls in the country - the Palace of Culture and Sports Festival and Congress Centre that allow the implementation of a number of international events , festivals , scientific conferences and sporting events such as the International Theatre Festival "Varna Summer" , ethnic Festival , International Jazz Festival "Varna Summer " International Folklore Festival - Varna International Film Festival " Love is Folly " International Photographic Salon , Festival of Bulgarian films " Golden Rose " and others.

The strategic location of the city on the map of South-Eastern Europe has become a city from ancient times into one of the largest resorts on the Black Sea . From this period date there are many monuments that are now exposed in the archaeological museum, which is the most popular one . It`s impressive collection includes artifacts from the Varna Chalcolithic necropolis - the oldest gold treasure in the world and is today , dating back six thousand years .

Other museums causing keen interest are the Naval whose collection includes exhibits related to the Bulgarian naval and commercial shipping. In the museum itself are exposed over 1,000 exhibits, which is only 1% of all of the Specimen Fund. Another museum oneself is quite interesting is Ethnographic Museum. The exhibition presents a rich diversity of the culture and lifestyle of the people of Varna region in the second half of the XIX and early XX century

As a cultural center  Varna is the center of one of the largest and richest exposures of Fine Arts in Bulgaria .

Exhibition of icons painted in the Renaissance , are kept in the church "St. Athanasius " , built in the XIII century, and close beside it is also one of the most interesting sights of the city - the Roman Baths - the largest Roman bath on the Balkans ,with an area of 7,000 square meters It is the fourth largest in Europe , after the baths of Caracalla and Diocletian in Rome and Trevira ( Trier, Germany) .It is used till by the end of the third century.

Another tourist destination that deserves attention is the aquarium . It is a center for the promotion of the flora and fauna. There is presented the first and only marine biological exposure in the country. In the Dolphinarium , located in the Sea Garden , tourists can enjoy a unique show with dolphins, presented in an interesting way by the dolphins and their trainers. It is lead in four languages at the same time: Bulgarian , English , German and Russian. The program includes many acrobatic moves , balancing , music, singing, dancing and games with the audience. Duration is 40 minutes.

Near Varna , opposite the resort "St. Konstantin and Elena "is situated the Botanical Garden - Ecopark. This is the first botanical garden - ecological park in Bulgaria, which harmoniously combines ecosystems from artificial and natural type. The park is located on an area of 360 acres and includes more than 300 species of exotic trees and shrubs , and more than 100 species of herbaceous plants. Eco-park provides encounters with exotic plants from around the world : sea pines, tulip tree , ginkgo duple , sterkuliya , iron wood, hard wood, evergreen oak tree and many others. In the Rosary of the park grow more than 30 varieties of roses .

About 14 km from Varna, on the road to Golden Sands is also another tourist site that must be visited . This is Aladja monastery - one of the few rock monasteries in Bulgaria , where they are clearly identifiable individual rooms with a different function.The Rock Monastery is located in the central part of the Nature Park "Golden Sands" , which is a protected area with many rare tree species. Beautiful natural surroundings combined with historical and Christian sites make it a wonderful place for cultural, pilgrimage and ecotourism. From 2009 Aladja projected an extremely fascinating audiovisual show " Legends of Aladja monastery ."

The city`s holiday festival is marked on August 15.

The city offers virtually unlimited possibilities for accommodation. Hotels are numerous and varied by category and price . Accommodation is possible in the nearby resorts of Golden Sands, St. Constantine and Elena, Riviera and others. Opportunities for dining and entertainment are also rich - coastal restaurants , bistros, pubs , pizzerias, fast food restaurants , clubs and discos and many others. A great advantage of the city are the diverse restaurants offering fresh seafood.

 The Sea Garden offers many possibilities for entertainment - there is an amphitheater , Space Center , observatory , planetarium and a tower , many playgrounds and a small rowing channel for children, a zoo. In the summer the theater offers a lot of events , the most significant are the Varna Days of Music Festival , the International Ballet Competition and the International Theatre Festival " Varna Summer".

On the beach you can practice different water sports - beach volleyball, wakeboarding , surfing , scuba diving, jet skiing , boating , banana and many others.

Varna is a city suitable for health tourism . Here successfully are combined holiday and health camps, pre-hospital and hospital care , recreational services, and a healthy lifestyle .

Near Varna is Asparuhovo , where there is a training golf course and not far from the city, near Kavarna and Balchik are 3 more large and modern golf resort - Black Sea Rama, Thracian cliffs golf resort, Light house golf resort and SPA

The region of Varna has opportunities for hunting and fishing. In the area there are 6 hunting and 3 forest farms  . Their territory are located 8 hunting lodges .


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